The Races of Europe


Carleton Stevens Coon

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Chapter I: Introduction to the Historical Study of the White Race

(1) Statement of Aims and Proposals
(2) Theory and Principles of the Concept Race
(3) Materials and Techniques of Osteology

Chapter II: Pleistocene White Men

(1) Introducing Homo Sapiens
(2) Pleistocene Climate
(3) Sapiens Men of the Middle Pleistocene
(4) Non-Sapiens Pleistocene Fossil Men
(5) The Neanderthal Hybrids of Palestine
(6) Upper Palaeolithic Man in Europe, the Evidence as a Whole
(7) Chronological and Geographical Differentiation of the
European Aurignacian Group

(8) Upper Palaeolithic Hunters of North Africa
(9) Aurignacian Man in East Africa
(10) The Magdalenians
(11) Upper Palaeolithic Man in China
(12) Summary and Conclusions

Plates accompanying Chapter II:

- Sapiens Men, from the Second Interglacial to the Post-Glacial

- Neanderthal and Neanderthaloid Derivatives
- Broad-Headed Crania of Neanderthaloid Inspiration
- Mesolithic and Neolithic Crania of Mediterranean Type

Chapter III: The Mesolithic Period

(1) The Historical Setting
(2) Mesolithic Man in Africa
(3) The Natufians of Palestine
(4) The Midden-Dwellers of the Tagus
(5) Mesolithic Man in France
(6) The Ofnet Head Burials
(7) Mesolithic Man in the Crimea
(8) Palaeolithic Survivals in the Northwest
(9) Summary and Conclusions

Chapter IV: The Neolithic Invasions

(1) Introduction
(2) The Neolithic and the Mediterranean Race
(3) Iran and Iraq
(4) Civilized Men in Egypt
(5) Neolithic North Africa
(6) The Neolithic in Spain and Portugal
(7) The Eastern Source Areas: South, Central, and North
(8) The Danubian Culture Bearers
(9) The Corded or Battle-Axe People
(10) The Neolithic in the British Isles
(11) Western Europe and the Alpine Race
(12) Neolithic Scandinavia
(13) Neolithic Inhabitants of the Northern Forests
(14) Conclusions

Chapter V: The Bronze Age

(1) Introduction
(2) The Bronze Age in Western Asia
(3) The Minoans
(4) The Greeks
(5) Copper and Bronze in the Western Mediterranean
(6) Basques, phoenicians, and Etruscans
(7) The Copper Age in Europe North of the Mediterranean Lands:
Danubian Movements and Bell Beakers

(8) The Bronze Age in Britain
(9) The Bronze Age in Central Europe
(10) The Bronze Age in the North
(11) The Bronze Age on the Eastern Plains
(12) The Final Bronze Age and Cremation
(13) Summary and Conclusions

Chapter VI: The Iron Age

(1) Race, Language, and European Peoples
(2) The Illyrians
(3) The Kelts
(4) The Romans
(5) The Scythians
(6) The Germanic Peoples
(7) The Slavs
(8) Conclusions

Chapter VII: The Iron Age, Part II:
Speakers of Uralic and Altaic

(1) The Finno-Ugrians
(2) The Turks and Mongols
(3) Speakers of Uralic and Altaic, and Old World Racial Origins

Chapter VIII: Introduction to the Study of the Living

(1) Materials and Techniques
(2) The Use of Statistics in Physical Anthropology
(3) Distribution of bodily characters:
(a) Stature and Bodily Form

(4) Distribution of bodily characters:
(b) Head Form, Head Size, and Other Metrical Characters
of the Head and Face

(5) Distribution of bodily characters:
(c) Pigmentation, the Pilous System, and Morphology of
the Soft Parts

(6) Racial Classification within the White Family

Chapter IX: The North

(1) Introduction
(2) The Lapps
(3) The Samoyeds
(4) Scandinavia; Norway
(5) Iceland
(6) Sweden
(7) Denmark
(8) The Finno-Ugrians, Introduction
(9) Racial Character of the Eastern Finns
(10) The Baltic Finns: Livs and Esths
(11) The Baltic Finns: Finland
(12) The Baltic-Speaking Peoples
(13) Conclusions

Chapter X: The British Isles

(1) Résumé of Skeletal History
(2) Ireland
(3) Great Britain, General Survey
(4) The British Isles, Summary

[Photographic Supplement]

Chapter XI: The Mediterranean World

(1) Introduction
(2) The Mediterranean Race in Arabia
(3) Iraq and the Coastal Regions of the Persian Gulf
(4) The Irano-Afghan Race; Iran and Afghanistan
(5) The Turks as Mediterraneans
(6) The Veddoid Periphery, Hadhramaut to Baluchistan
(7) Palestine, Jewish Origins, and the Eastern Jews
(8) The Mediterranean Race in East Africa
(9) The Modern Egyptians
(10) North Africa, Introduction
(11) The Eastern Arabo-Berbers, Libya and the Oases
(12) The Tuareg
(13) Eastern Barbary, Algeria, and Tunisia
(14) Western Barbary; Morocco and the Canary Islands
(15) The Iberian Peninsula
(16) The Western Mediterranean Islands
(17) The Basques
(18) The Gypsies
(19) Conclusions

Chapter XII: The Central Zone, A Study in Reëmergence

(1) Introduction
(2) France
(3) Belgium
(4) The Netherlands and Frisia
(5) Germany
(6) Switzerland and Austria
(7) Italy
(8) The Living Slavs:
(a) Czechs and Wends

(9) The Living Slavs:
(b) Poland and Russia

(10) Turks, Tatars and Mongols of European Russia
(11) The Magyars
(12) The Living Slavs:
(c) Serbs, Croates and Slovenes

(13) Albania and the Dinaric Race
(14) The Greeks
(15) Bulgaria
(16) Rumania and the Vlachs
(17) The Osmanli Turks
(18) Near Eastern Brachycephals; Syria, Armenia and the Caucasus
(19) Turkestan and the Tajiks
(20) The brachycephalized Jews: Asia and Central Europe
(21) Conclusions

Chapter XIII: Conclusion

(1) Comments and Reflections
(2) The White Race and the New World


I. Means of Principal Cranial Series used in Chapters II-VII
II. Glossary
III. List of Serials and Their Abbreviations
IV. List of Books